Build success by supporting cessation among smokers for whom a smoke-free housing policy may provide motivation to quit.
- 70% reported providing referrals for smoking cessation
- 68% reported giving residents information about the Smokers’ Quitline (see Resources below)
- 35% reported providing onsite smoking cessation, but many reported low turnout rates or use
- Source: Early Adopter Study
Planning for success
Identify available resources, both local and national, that can help support cessation among residents interested in quitting. At the national level, you may find resources like www.Smokefree.gov for web- or text-based support. At the local level, community health centers, physicians, or pharmacists can support smokers who would like to quit smoking.
Supporting cessation efforts
By making it less convenient to smoke, smoke-free policies may encourage some people to quit. PHAs can encourage residents interested in quitting by:
- Promoting evidence-based tools and programs, such as those available at www.Smokefree.gov
- Encouraging residents to work with their doctors or local community health centers on ways to quit smoking
- Developing a list of available cessation resources and distributing it with other information about the smoke-free policy
In both the Early Adopter Study and SHARE Study, we learned that there was low uptake of onsite smoking cessation group classes. Similarly, feedback from PHA residents who participated in our research suggests that, in general, they prefer one-on-one cessation counseling rather than group cessation counseling.
“We thought it was important that we provide resources for our residents, not just a policy. Not just saying, ‘No, you can’t do this,’ but ‘Let us help you do this.'”
Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT)
NRT, usually available in the form of patch or gum, has been shown to help smokers quit smoking because it reduces the cravings that smokers feel when they are not getting nicotine into their system. NRT products come in a variety of forms that are used in different ways. NRT can be bought without a prescription in all states. In many states, they are available at a much lower cost when covered by Medicaid or another health plan. The American Lung Association’s State Cessation Coverage Database lists state-by-state cessation coverage: www.lung.org/policy-advocacy/tobacco/cessation/state-tobacco-cessation-coverage-database.
It is advisable that residents consult their health care providers to make sure there are no special concerns before starting to use NRT. Health care providers can also recommend the correct dosage for each smoker’s situation.
Prescription medications like varenicline (Chantix) and bupropion SR (Wellbutrin or Zyban) can help reduce nicotine withdrawal symptoms. These medications contain no nicotine and are only available with a doctor’s prescription.
Some local community health centers and health promotion groups offer smoking cessation counseling services. Counseling to assist people to quit smoking can be individual or group-based. All states have quitlines with counselors who are trained specifically to provide free cessation support, help smokers develop a quit plan, and offer educational materials. People can call 800-QUIT-NOW (800-784-8669) to be connected to their state’s quitline.
More cessation resources are suggested at the end of this section.
Affirm cessation efforts
To encourage and support residents and staff who are attempting to quit, consider ways to affirm their efforts, for example:
- Organize a party to celebrate everyone who quits smoking within the first year of policy implementation
- Provide perks for staff who quit
- Encourage residents to support people who are considering or attempting to stop smoking, or to serve as role models for others if they are former smokers
“Some of the residents said they had been thinking of quitting, and that this was a good time to quit. We got information from the health department and posted it in common areas and offices, and we put it in our newsletter. Our local hospital has smoking cessation classes, and we told people, ‘If you take the class, if you successfully complete it, then we’ll reimburse the fee. We’ll provide transportation if necessary.’ But nobody actually took advantage of that.”
Residents can help their neighbors who smoke by:
- Championing the policy and sharing personal stories of the health benefits of reduced secondhand smoke
- Letting people know about resources for cessation support or nicotine dependence aids
- Providing encouragement and support to people who are considering or attempting to stop smoking
- Serving as role models for others if they are former smokers
Download Supporting smoking cessation as a PDF
National Cancer Institute Quitline (NCI)
State Telephone Quitlines (NCI)